Our careful blend of Essential Oils bring the following benefits:

Citrus aurantium dulcis peel oil: Orange essential oil is non-toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitising. The oil is not considered to be phototoxic.

As it applies to skin, citrus aurantium dulcis has two primary benefits. First, its antiseptic and antibacterial properties help fight skin blemishes and acne conditions by helping clear away excess oil and debris. Second, it also works to condition the skin and infuse it with antioxidants.

Secondly Limonoids are distributed mainly in Rutaceae fruits, such as Citrus aurantium L., Citrus sinensis Osbeck, Citrus medica L., and grapefruit. Higher levels of limonoids have been detected in the kernels (seeds), with approximately 0.05–0.1‰ in the peel. At present, 36 types of limonoids and 17 types of limonoid glycosides have been separated from citrus.Limonoid glycosides exhibit not only excellent water solubility and low bitterness but also physiological activities similar to those of aglycones, such as antitumor activity. Previous studies have shown that limonoid glycosides have good developmental prospects and could be used as basic raw materials for functional foods. Anticancer and insect-repellent capacities are the major biological activities of limonoids

 

Mentha arvensis leaf oil: Peppermint essential oil has cooling, invigorating, clearing, refreshing and antiseptic properties. Peppermint essential oil is mildly antiseptic and helps purify the skin. It is useful in maintaining healthy digestion and also as an insect repellent.

Peppermint oil is most known for repelling mice! But it also repels ticks, specifically stops ticks burrowing and soothes itching.

Cupressus funebris wood extract:  Chinese weeping cypress is an evergreen tree. The wood, especially the root wood, contains essential oils that is antiseptic. The wood, or the oil, can be used to cure inflammatory wounds!

Cupressus finebris is also know for repelling ticks, but failed to repel adult yellow fever mosquitoes. John F Carroll et al, 2010. Tested against Aedes aegypti (L.), host-seeking nymphs of the lone star tick, All the oils were repellent to both species of ticks

Eucalyptus globulus leaf oil: Eucalyptus essential oil is a great, all-natural repellent, insecticide and larvicide. It’s true!

Kumar et al, 2012 investigated the insecticidal activity of eucalyptus oil against the larvae and pupae of the housefly (Musca domestica). The results showed that at very low concentrations, eucalyptus was lethal to the housefly larvae and pupae.

A more recent study showed that eucalyptus oil with 5% vanillin added can provide more than 2 hours of repellency against mosquitoes like Aedes aegypti and Anopheles dirus.

Besides insecticidal and repellent benefits, eucalyptus was found to kill insect larvae. Again see below Chauhan et al, 2016 and Sinthusiri J et al, 2014

Eucalyptus is another natural mosquito repellent.

There is evidence that components in eucalyptus oil (in particular the compounds p-menthane-3,8-diol and eucamol) are as effective, if not MORE effective than DEET.

Like citronella, eucalyptus should be reapplied regularly to maintain protection.

Both Citronella and eucalyptus have a strong smell that is believed to confuse mosquitoes’ delicate sense of direction and taste, making it difficult for them to find a host. Both these plants have the added bonus of doubling, up as an antiseptic after bites

From all these studies, you can see why we choose to include eucalyptus to our all-natural shampoo!

Foeniculum vulgare dulce fruit oil: Often known as Fennel -The dried plant is used as an insect repellent; the crushed leaves are used as a flea repellent for dogs and the dried leaves are believed to help keep fleas away from kennels and stables.

The essential oil extracted is used in many many alternative tick and flea recipes, along with our Tea tree oil and peppermint. It is even recommended by PETA.

The methanol extract of F. vulgare fruit has been reported to exhibit mosquito repellent activity against Aedes aegypti females using skin and patch tests. The biologically active constituents of the Foeniculum fruits were characterised as (+)-fenchone and (z)-9-octadecanoic acid (Kim et al., 2002)

Melaleuca alternifolia leaf oil Commonly referred to as Tea Tree Oil, this light yellow essential oil is derived from the Tea Tree. This oil easily and quickly penetrates the skin, serving as an antibacterial and disinfecting agent. It is also known to accelerate the healing of skin irritations and infections.

Some of the best tick repellents use natural ingredients! With Tea tree oil you may prevent tick infestation in a natural way. The strong smell of Tea tree oil does repel ticks and keeps mosquitoes away, shown in endless studies across the globe. Better yet Tea Tree oil is shown to repel numerous types of flies from those born in a lab to being caught in the wild.

References:

https://www.oils4life.co.uk/5ml-Orange-essential-oil-Sweet-Citrus-Aurantium-Dulcis-Orange-Peel-Oil

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780128097854

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https://www.naturalaromatherapy.co.uk/essential-oil-peppermint-mentha-arvensis-natural-aromatherapy-mice-repellent-free-shipping-982-p.asp

Phytochemical Resources for Medicine and Agriculture
edited by H.N. Nigg, D. Seigler. Page 238 confirming in the results mentha-arvensis does repel ticks.

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http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cupressus+funebris

Trees of Laos and Vietnam - A Field Guide to 100 species.
Publication. Hoang Van Sam; Khamseng Nanthavong; Kessler P.J.A. 2004

Essential oils of Cupressus funebris, Juniperus communis, and J. chinensis(Cupressaceae) as repellents against ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and mosquitoes(Diptera: Culicidae) and as toxicants against mosquitoes; John F. Carroll, Nurhayat Tabanca, Matthew Kramer, Natasha M. Elejalde, David E. Wedge,Ulrich R. Bernier, Monique Coy, James J. Becnel, Betul Demirci, Kemal Husnu Can Başer, Jian Zhang and Sui Zhang. 2010


Eucalyptus Globulus – Health Benefits and Side Effects

Compositional analysis and insecticidal activity of Eucalyptus globulus (family: Myrtaceae) essential oil against housefly (Musca domestica). By Kumar P1, Mishra S, Malik A, Satya S. 2012

Improving the effectiveness of three essential oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.) and Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison).
Auysawasdi N, Chuntranuluck S, Phasomkusolsil S & Keeratinijakal 2016

Larvicidal potential of essential oils against Musca domestica and Anopheles stephensi. By Chauhan N, Malik A, Sharma S & Dhiman 2016

Oviposition deterrent and ovicidal activities of seven herbal essential oils against female adults of housefly, Musca domestica L.
Sinthusiri J & Soonwera M. 2014

 

Field evaluation of three plant-based insect repellents against malaria vectors in Vaca Diez Province, the Bolivian Amazon.
Moore SJ, Lenglet A, Hill N. 2002

Evaluation of a eucalyptus-based repellent against Anopheles spp. in Tanzania. By Trigg JK; 1996


The ABCs of Cruelty-Free Flea Control

Repellent activity of constituents identified in Foeniculum vulgare fruit against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). D.H. Kim, S.I. Kim, K.S. Chang, Y.J. Ahn 2002

Repellent effects of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil against cattle tick larvae (Rhipicephalus australis) when formulated as emulsions and in β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes.
Yim WT, Bhandari B, Jackson L, James P. 2016

Does Tea Tree Oil repel ticks

Insecticidal and repellent effects of tea tree and andiroba oils on flies associated with livestock.
Klauck V1, Pazinato R, Stefani LM, Santos RC, Vaucher RA, Baldissera MD, Raffin R, Boligon A, Athayde M, Baretta D, Machado G, DA Silva AS. 2014

In vitro repellent effect of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) and andiroba (Carapa guianensis) oils on Haemotobia irritans and Chrysomya megacephala flies.
Klauck V, Pazinato R, Radavelli WM, Volpato A, Stefani LM, Santos RC, Vaucher RA, Boligon AA, Athayde ML, Da Silva AS 2015